Hispanic Heritage Month is celebrated in the United States from September 15 to October 15, by Congressional mandate approved in 1968, extended to a month in 1988. The start of the celebration coincides with the anniversary of the independence of Mexico, the Central American countries and Chile. This year, the figures released by the Bureau of the Census on the evolution of the Hispanic minority include the updated results of the 2020 census.
The number of Hispanics in the United States, as of July 2021, reached 62.6 million, almost 19 percent of the total population, which still makes it the most numerous minorities, but behind the fastest growing Asian American minority. Contrary to some alarmist headlines, the number of Hispanics in the United States has increased slightly by almost 1 percent in the last decade, from 18 percent of the total population in 2007. Additionally, the number of recently arrived Hispanic immigrants has declined from 40 to 33 percent in the same period. For instance, out of a total of 37 million Hispanics of Mexican origin, the largest segment, only 30 percent are foreign born. Also, the second largest segment of Hispanic population, of almost 6 million Puerto Ricans living in the mainland, are US citizens by birth. Finally, the Hispanic minority is young, its median age increased from 30.2 years in 2020 to 30.5 years in 2022.